Smart Grids Make in India mission will change the story of the Indian power and energy markets. India needs to make the most of this plan to transform the consumption of power and energy in the country along with cost optimization. It is a useful concept for facilitating the making of Independent India as Smart Grids in the power generation field can save a lot of expenses that our country incurs in the import of fuels from foreign nations.
Due to the pandemic, our country experienced a drastic drop in the economy. Instead of seeing this as a challenge, it should be seen as an opportunity to be aware and understand the importance of self-development in our country. The economic model of our country contributes a large number of funds in buying and importing fuel from other countries.
Working of Grids
If we speak in general, the purpose of a Grid is to transfer electricity from Power Stations to transformers of different areas. Grids work as a highway for the travel of electricity.
From step up to step down the process, grids work as a mediator of electricity from one state to another. Traditional Indian Grids are old modeled and work as only a one-way transmission of electricity. Although the Power Market of India has evolved in the last 10 years, our grids still have no command or strategy for the amount of distribution of electricity. To control load imbalance and losses in the electricity field, the idea of smart grids was introduced. Transmission and distribution losses in our country not only affect the country's economy on the whole but also affect us individually as our electricity bills increase exponentially.
Sources of energy generation in India
India has an installed capacity of 374.2 GW as of 31 December 2020 in which up to 62 % are Thermal Power Plants, 13 % Hydro-Electric Power Plants, 1% Nuclear Power Plants, and only 24 % are Solar energy and wind energy-dependent. Renewable sources have a curvy graph in the generation of electricity due to their dependence on nature's behavior.
Issues of Present Indian Grid System
It’s a one-direction energy flow due to which we face transmission losses.
As Solar rooftops are in trend these days, more and more people are becoming both producers and consumers of electricity, so it’s needed to have a two-way energy flow of the grid. Our Indian grids need to be transformed as per the need of the hour.
What is the Smart Grid?
It’s a bi-directional flow of energy in terms of electricity and informational data. This informational data includes the 24 * 7 data of load demands of the customers as per time, customer’s usage habit, etc. The total load connected to the power grid can vary significantly over time. A smart grid comes with a smart meter that will tell the grid that what is the load of the particular home or society and how power consumption varies. Smart grids contribute to the formation of smart cities.
There is the concept of Home Area Network (HAN) where every transformer and electric equipment is equipped with sensors that provide real-time information to the grid. In India, electricity bill includes the rate variation during the day, for eg. the price rate of electricity increases during the day and decreases at night. Due to the old grid, Indians are not aware of such rate fluctuations due to a lack of proper information transfer medium. But in the smart grid, you will be aware of real-time rate charges information of power consumption which will help you in controlling the consumption rate as per your requirements. Customers can set their home appliances as per the low rate of hrs.
In conclusion, overall smart grids ensure smart cities and ensure country development. Smart Grid Make in India's mission will make cities' power systems digital with a two-way flow of energy, easily adaptive and controlled power distribution, provision of sensors throughout, self-monitoring, and healing systems. Our people need this upgrade in their lives to save money and the environment too.